Diamond has its name derived from the Greek word “adamas” meaning “invincible” or “unbreakable”; In Sanskrit, it is called “vajra”, which means “lightning”. It is the hardest naturally occurring material on earth and also one of the world’s most sought-after gemstone. Those born in April are lucky to call this dazzling gem their birthstone.
Diamonds can be transparent, translucent or opaque, but most diamonds used as a gemstone is colourless and transparent.
It’s believed that diamonds were first discovered in India; places like Brazil, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Botswana, Russia, Australia and Canada are other locations where this precious stone is mined.
Believed in medieval times to wards off the evil eye said to cause sickness, poverty and possibly death, diamonds were also considered to possess healing powers and thought to cure ailments of the pituitary gland and the brain. Prior to knowing how diamond creation was discovered, some ancient civilizations believed lightning formed them, while others thought they were the tears of God.
Diamond is symbolic of eternal love and marriage and some believe carrying it would provide strength, balance, clarity, abundance, beauty, and happiness.
The Gemological Institute of America around the 1950s developed a standardized method known as the 4Cs used to universally determine diamond quality: Colour grade, Clarity grade, Cut grade and Carat weight.
Using a lint-free cloth, or warm water, mild soap and a soft toothbrush are the best recommended methods for cleaning this gem.
Aside being the birthstone for April, this scintillating gem is also given to celebrate 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries.
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